Sunday, 29 May 2016

Davening in the Ezras Nashim

Question: I came late to shul during the week and went to the ezras nashim to daven as no ladies come then. Was I included in the minyan?
Answer: The Shulchan Aruch (OC 55:13) writes that the 10 men who make up the minyan need to all be present in the same room as the chazzan. The Mishna Berura (55:48) writes that it doesn’t matter if they can’t all see each other providing that they are in the same room. While the Shulchan Aruch (OC 55:14) writes that one who is outside a shul can join in through an open window, the Mishna Berura (55:52) writes that they shouldn’t make up a minyan of people who are in two separate rooms divided by an open window, even if they can see each other (See Shaarei Teshuva; Shaar Hatziyun 55:53).
The Aruch Hashulchan (OC 55:20) writes that as the ezras nashim is separated by a proper mechitza, any men davening there can not join in as they are considered to be in a separate room, regardless as to whether they can see each other or not (See Kaf Hachaim OC 55:76).
Thus, R’ Shmuel Wosner (Shevet Halevi 9:20:1) writes that while men learning there may respond amen, etc. as ladies would, they cannot be considered part of the minyan while there (See Halichos Shlomo, Tefilla 5:n18).

4 comments:

  1. So is the 11th man who sees them from another room part of the minyan?

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    1. Possibly, though it would be a 'lower level' if he wasn't in the actual Shul - See Halichos Shlomo, Tefilla 5:n18

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  2. What if there is a conference room and the doors are open to a hallway where people can daven? The conference room is not large enough to host everyone. Can people daven in the hall as well?

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    Replies
    1. Yes, providing that some of them can see each other. There should be at least a minyan in the main conference room, though.

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